What is Tea?
Before discussing a brief history of tea it is necessary to understand tea. Tea originates from the Camellia Sinensis plant. Leaves are plucked out of the plant. After plucking, tea leaves are dried. Tea leaves are kept in the open air and are dried. This whole process makes the leaves dark in color and the stronger taste is developed. At the point when all the water from the leaves is dried then tea leaves are fit to be utilized. There are numerous approaches that are used in making tea. Besides using the traditional way of boiling the tea leaves, a few people blend the leaves of tea with blossoms oils and different plants to provide various tastes to the tea.
History of Tea
The second most-consumed drink in the world is tea, the first one is water. Although the tea plant is considered native to Asia nowadays it is also grown in many parts of the world. Tea is one of the most enjoyed beverages in the world, but different countries have their own recipe to make tea. Nowadays we have around 3000 varieties of tea.
Tea has now become a drink that fits all occasions and people drink it with food, tea is also used to get refreshing energy at any given time of the day, then there are cultures where tea is served at ceremonies, and some people drink it when they are under flu or fever. Tea is consumed in both forms i.e. it is used as a hot drink and in cold form. Now let us have a look at a brief history of tea.
If we look at the history of tea, we find traces of tea back in 2737 BC. It is believed that Shen Nung, the second emperor of China and an art lover, is the one who discovered tea. Lu Yu was the person who wrote a book on tea cultivation and methods to make tea. Dried leaves of a shrubbery fell into the hot boiling water, and the water becomes a brown colored fluid. Shen became charmed by the fluid, drank a few sips, and considered it as exceptionally tempting. The shrubbery was a tea plant, and this is how tea was discovered and made.
The Boston Tea Party
Boston Tea Party of 1773 was one of the characterizing reasons for the American insurgency. The Boston Tea Party was a dissent made on December 16, 1773. The demand for tea was high, however, American shippers were carrying in tea so as to abstain from paying duties on it. In 1773, Parliament passed the Tea Act of 1773. The law was intended to help the British East India Tea Company by giving it a restraining infrastructure on tea brought into the states.
The organization had an immense overflow of tea that was less expensive than snuck Dutch tea, even with the assessment on it. The organization appealed to Parliament to permit them to offer to the homesteaders straightforwardly, contending that it would help both the British East India Tea Company and the British Empire. Less expensive tea, they contended, ought to urge the pilgrims to quit sneaking Dutch tea, and less carrying should bring about more assessment income for the realm.
Homesteaders despite everything considered the to be an immediate and automatic assessment as the American obligation on the tea had not been dropped. What’s more, a great part of the pilgrim economy spun around the criminal behavior of carrying, and numerous shippers dreaded for their business as a lot of their benefits relied upon the snuck tea. Americans adored tea pretty much as the English, and Parliament saw the Tea Act as a chance to bring English tea over into the settlements.
How tea spread to different parts of the world?
Buddhist priests of Japan traveled to China and these priests carried tea back to Japan. In Japan, natives started serving tea on special occasions and ceremonies. Tea was consumed by rich people in China and Japan. After establishing footprints in China and Japan, tea traveled to other Asian nations. In the late 1500s, Portuguese explorers took modest quantities of tea to Europe. Portugal was the first European nation to start trading with China. Portugal collaborated with the Netherlands to transport the tea through Europe.
Dutch were the ones who took tea to France and different nations which come on the Baltic Sea. At that time only rich individuals had enough cash to consume tea in Europe. It took numerous months to move the tea from Asia and just a small quantity was transported but as more nations began to exchange with China, they took tea back to Europe.
With the passage of time, costs became lower and more individuals could drink tea today. England is the European nation generally known for its tea. British brokers began dispatching tea to England in the late 1600s. Tea trading had become a very lucrative business. England imported around 1,800 kilograms of tea only in the year 1669. After ten years, the nation imported six-fold more tea.
How Tea is Made?
How to make tea is a question that has been searched for widely. Although over the course of many years people used to drink tea by putting the tea leaves into the boiling water. But in 1908, an American Thomas Sullivan, built up another method to prepare tea in the form of teabags. Thomas Sullivan put the crushed tea leaves in a little silk pack. This paper bag of tea could be put into the heated water to prepare an instant cup of tea. At first people in Britain didn’t like tea bags but during World War II when people were unable to find typical tea, they started to utilize tea bags.
Tea is consumed in different ways in different parts of the world. In the United Kingdom tea turned out to be a piece of the daily meal. Generally, two meals included a tea in British homes. These meals got well known during the 1600s. The first was evening tea or low tea. This was well known among rich individuals. They would drink tea and eat little sandwiches of meat and bread. This feast occurred around three PM. The subsequent dinner was called high tea high tea was a bigger supper eaten later in the night and it was famous among more poor individuals.
Residents of Western Asia and the Middle East consume the tea in the form of Masala Chai (Tea). Masala tea is made from black tea leaves and Milk, spices, and sugar are added in it to enhance the taste.
In territories of South America, individuals cherish a specific tea known as Marte. It is produced using the leaves of the Yerba Mate plant. Dry Yerba Mate leaves are placed into a dry gourd. This is a holder produced using dried vegetable skin. At this point water is added to the gourd. The fluid is taken through a dainty metal tube bombilla. In southern Africa, people make a tea called Rooibos. This hot beverage is made like tea however rather than tea leaves, it utilizes the leaves from the Rooibos plant. The tea has a red color and is commonly known as Red Tea.
The history of tea is truly fascinating. In light of the fact that buying and selling tea has helped numerous economies. Indeed, some would argue that nations like China and England would not be what they are today without the business that originated from tea leaves cultivation.